You might want to reconsider paying extra dollar for these fish oil supplements. A new study said most of the research literature on the cardiovascular benefits of omega-3 fatty acids is flawed.
In the early 1970s, two Danish researchers started to investigate the diet of Greenland’s Inuit populations, which were believed to live longer than their Caucasian counterparts. The study concluded that the large intake of seal and whale blubber by the Inuits — what got labelled at the “Eskimo Diet” — helped reduce the risks of heart diseases and increase life expectancy.
This resulted in the proliferation of studies on the cardioprotective effects of fish oil, and the boom of what has become a global billion-dollar industry.
However, according to a recent study from University of Ottawa’s George Fodor and his team, food capsules simply don’t do anything to help prevent heart diseases. “Most researchers never read the original 1970s paper”, said Fodor. “They just took it at face value that what was said was true […] We reviewed the original paper and it turns out that the Danish researchers never measured the frequency of heart disease.”
Fodor and his team also found that Greenland’s medical records, on which many studies were based, were likely deficient. This is due to the “rural and inaccessible nature of the region, which makes it difficult to collect accurate data”. “It is very hard to draw conclusions for the larger population, because many Inuits at the time of the study did not have access to doctors”, according to Fodor.
Besides, the seminal study relies heavily on hearsay. “People told researchers that heart disease was very rare […] This is very soft, from the point of view of science.”